4 Most Common Sports Injuries to Look For

02.07.2018

If you want to lead a healthy life, you need to include some exercises in your daily routine. Of course, the best way to keep these exercises entertaining and motivating is to turn them into a sport of your choice. Not only is it good for your health, but you also improve your social skills and make new friends along the way. That being said, when you’re not a professional athlete (or even if you are) injuries are inevitable. We’re going to present you with 4 most common sports injuries, so that you can identify them, treat them and, above all, prevent them if possible.

Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprain is certainly one of the most common injuries people get when they exercise or play sports. Sprains happen when the ligaments of your foot stretch too much or tear completely due to some unnatural movement. The symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and sometimes itching among other things.

 

Treatment: Your first course of action should be resting the injured ankle, elevating your foot, and putting some ice on it to reduce the swelling. That’s pretty much all you can do to help because most sprains heal on their own in a couple of weeks. If that doesn’t happen, call your doctor.

 

Prevention: This is something of a general advice but always make sure you stretch before any physical activity. Stretch your feet to make your ligaments more flexible and able to withstand additional stress.

Hip Flexor Strain

The hip flexor muscle is the one located in the upper front part of the thighs. This is an essential muscle that helps the movement of our hips and without it we wouldn’t even be able to tackle on a flight of stairs. People who enjoy extreme sports like snowboarding rely on this muscle heavily for balance.

 

Treatment: Hip flexor strains are also treated with ice packs and rest for the first three days. After that, you should apply some heat to the wound and do some mild exercises. As it is the case with the ankle sprain - if it doesn’t get better within 2 weeks, contact your physician.

 

Prevention: Most of the time, injuries to this part of the leg happen because of the weakness of the muscles. People who sit for long periods of time have weak hip flexors so the best prevention is exercising and strengthening of this part.

Shin Splints

Shin splints is a problem that many runners face. It manifests itself in the form of throbbing and aching shins after some physical activity. Now, there are a number of causes for this injury. It could be due to flat feet or poor choice of footwear, lack of warm-up before an exercise, or inherently weak ankles and hips.

 

Treatment: Along with the ice, you can use some anti-inflammatory painkillers because the pain is rather unbearable for some people. You might have to get an X-Ray just to make sure there are no fractures in the bone.

 

Prevention: The prevention here depends on the actual cause. If you have flat feet, there are special orthopedic insoles you can use to reduce the pressure on the shins and make the run go more smoothly. Warming up is, of course, crucial as well as some quality running shoes that won’t hurt your feet.

ACL Tear

Although anterior cruciate ligament tear sounds somewhat complicated, we’re actually talking about a specific knee injury. This is one of the most important ligaments in the knee, but it also gets torn on a regular basis. Most of the ACL injuries happen when a person tries to slow down abruptly, or suddenly changes direction during movement. The symptoms include some pain, swelling and instability of the knee.

 

Treatment: The treatment for ACL tear depends mainly on the severity of the injury. Minor tears heal by themselves with the scar tissue actually helping the healing. If the ligament is completely torn, you have to have a minor surgery and the recovery may take up to three months.

 

Prevention: Doing squats on a regular basis will strengthen your knee muscles and ligaments and help them endure the stress. If you’ve already had problems with your knee, you’re more likely to get them again, so don’t skip the stretch and warm-ups ever.

 

Those are the 4 most common sports injuries that anyone can get regardless of their age, physical prowess, or the type of sport. It is important to be aware of these injuries and to grab an ice pack as soon as you suspect a problem.

 

Article last time updated on 04.07.2018.

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