What To Tell Your Patient With Gestational Diabetes

14.05.2017

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Gestational diabetes is a common common condition during pregnancy. Luckily, there are effective ways to keep it under control.

What are the causes and symptoms?
There are several maternal risks of diabetes in pregnancy. The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are increased thirst, constant hunger, urination, blurred vision, weight loss, and extreme fatigue. This can make your pregnancy journey more difficult.
Most pregnant women who develop gestational diabetes do not have type 1 diabetes but type 2 diabetes. The most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are bladder or kidney problems, increased urination and thirst, fatigue and need to have meals constantly.

Gestational diabetes may have a genetic component. However, this has not been confirmed yet.

When you are pregnant, your placenta will make hormones which will accumulate sugar in your blood. Your pancreas will make enough insulin to handle everything. However, if you do not produce enough insulin (or if your pancreas produces too much of it), your blood sugar levels will be disturbed. This will then lead to gestational diabetes.

How will it harm the baby?

If you detect the problem during your early stages of pregnancy, there are treatments that can be very effective. With good monitoring and treatment, your glucose levels can be kept under control.

Mothers who have uncontrolled gestational diabetes have very large babies. This is known as fetal macrosomia. This condition makes the delivery very difficult and often requires a C-section. It can also increase your blood pressure levels, which will further complicate things.

The best way to protect yourself from gestational diabetes is to avoid stress as much as possible, to limit your sugar consumption and to be active. Go for walks, stay active and keep a watch on your diet. Get regular tests and let your doctor know if you experience symptoms that worry you.

Article last time updated on 14.05.2017.

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